|AVS 55th International Symposium & Exhibition|
|In Situ Microscopy and Spectroscopy: Interfacial and Nanoscale Science Topical Conference||Thursday Sessions|
|Session:||In Situ Microscopy - Dynamic Nanoscale Processes|
|Presenter:||X.F. Zhang, Hitachi High Technologies America, Inc.|
|Authors:||X.F. Zhang, Hitachi High Technologies America, Inc.
T. Kamino, Hitachi High Technologies Corp., Japan
|Correspondent:||Click to Email|
In recent years, progresses in in-situ transmission electron microscopy (TEM) pro-vided unique imaging and analytical capabilities for studying structural evolutions in versatile environments. Aiming at atomic resolution in-situ TEM capability, we have developed various sample holders including gas injection-heating holder, single- and double-tilt heating holders, and double-heater sample holder.1-2 Using these sample holders, in-situ heating TEM studies in vacuum or in a gas envi-ronment, and in-situ evaporation deposition can be done in a standard Hitachi 300 kV H-9500 high-resolution transmission electron microscope,3 true atomic resolution can be achieved at elevated temperatures for example at 1500oC, and digital recording of the dynamic structural evolutions is realized using a high speed CCD camera. Various nanomaterials have been studied at elevated temperatures with or without a gas environment. Effects of electron beam irradiation on nanomaterials were also evaluated. It has been found that 300 kV electron beam could alter some nanostructures at room temperature even though the nanomaterials were composed of ‘robust’ materials such as carbon and metals. However, when heating samples to elevated temperatures, electron beam irradiation helped in-situ TEM study in many ways that it might minimize knock-on damages, burn off amorphous surface layers, or trigger structural changes in nanostructures. In study of metallic nanoparticles, atomic layer-by-atomic layer structural changes at various temperatures have been observed directly, the changes in structure would be impossible to be explained without the in-situ atomic resolution TEM. Structural changes in oxide nanoparticles were observed at high temperatures and the atomic resolution TEM helped to understand the phase transformation process. These data provide insights into the structural processes in the middle stage before the environmental impacts became catastrophic to materials, therefore can help to elucidate puzzled phenomena often encountered in ex-situ experiments or in in-situ TEM experiments at low resolution or with too long time intervals for image recording.
1 T. Kamino and H. Saka, Microsc. Microanal. Microstruct. 4 (1993) p. 127.
2 T. Kamino, T. Yaguchi, M. Konno, A. Watabe, T. Marukawa, T. Mima, K. Kuroda, H. Saka, S. Arai, H. Makino, Y. Suzuki and K. Kishita, J. of Electron Microscopy 54 (2005) p. 497.
3 X.F. Zhang and T. Kamino, Microscopy Today 9 (2006) p. 16.