AVS 58th Annual International Symposium and Exhibition
    Graphene and Related Materials Focus Topic Tuesday Sessions
       Session GR+EM-TuM

Paper GR+EM-TuM9
Plasmon Resonance in Individual Nanogap Electrodes Studied Using Graphene Nanoconstrictions as Photodetectors

Tuesday, November 1, 2011, 10:40 am, Room 208

Session: Graphene: Optical Properties, Optoelectonics and Photonics
Presenter: S.-F. Shi, Cornell University
Authors: S.-F. Shi, Cornell University
X. Xu, University of Washington
P.L. McEuen, Cornell University
D.C. Ralph, Cornell University
Correspondent: Click to Email

A plasmonic nanostructure can act like an optical antenna, concentrating light into a deep sub-wavelength volume and enabling manipulation of light-electron interactions at the nanometer scale. Achieving efficient coupling from such antennas to functional electrical devices has been challenging, because the region of field enhancement is so small. We achieve direct electrical read out of the wavelength and polarization dependence of the plasmon resonance in individual gold nanogap antennas by positioning a graphene nanoconstriction within the gap as a localized photodetector. The polarization sensitivities can be as large as 99%, while the plasmon-induced photocurrent enhancement is 2-100. The plasmon peak frequency, polarization sensitivity, and photocurrent enhancement all vary between devices, indicating the degree to which the plasmon resonance is sensitive to nanometer-scale irregularities.