|AVS 57th International Symposium & Exhibition|
|Applied Surface Science||Wednesday Sessions|
|Session:||Surface Mass Spectrometry: SIMS and Beyond|
|Presenter:||T. Mouhib, Université Catholique de Louvain, Belgium|
|Authors:||T. Mouhib, Université Catholique de Louvain, Belgium
A. Delcorte, Université Catholique de Louvain, Belgium
C. Poleunis, Université Catholique de Louvain, Belgium
P. Bertrand, Université Catholique de Louvain, Belgium
|Correspondent:||Click to Email|
Even though significant progress has been achieved in molecular characterization by secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS) of organic compounds, some challenges still exist. One important limitation concerns the sensitivity the technique, often insufficient for high resolution molecular imaging. Several approaches have been proposed to increase the useful molecular signal intensities. The first one involves specific sample preparation procedures, such as the use of special matrices or metal-assisted SIMS (MetA-SIMS), in which metal nanoparticles are condensed on the sample surface. The second type of improvement directly involves the choice of the projectile, i.e. atomic projectiles are replaced by clusters, such as Aun+, Bin+, C60+ and SF5+.
In this contribution, we investigate a new protocol to improve the analytical performance in organic SIMS, using water vapor injection at relatively high pressure near the sample surface. A significant enhancement of the positive secondary ion intensities is observed for organic materials irradiated with 12 keV Ga+ ions in the presence of H2O gas. In addition, our results show that the enhancement depends on the type of secondary ion and that the formation of protonated ions is specifically favored. For the low molecular weight additive Irgafos 168 (C42H63O3P), the normalized [M+H]+ intensity increases by more than 50 times upon H2O flooding. The enhancement factors are lower with high molecular weight polymers. Nevertheless, the intensity of the protonated monomer ions is also enhanced preferentially in comparison with those of the deprotonated and the bare monomer ions. In the next phase of this work, we consider the combination of H2O vapor flooding with polyatomic projectile bombardment.