AVS 56th International Symposium & Exhibition
    Magnetic Interfaces and Nanostructures Wednesday Sessions
       Session MI+EM-WeA

Paper MI+EM-WeA3
Local Structure of Cr in the Epitaxial Ferromagnetic Semiconductor Cr-doped Ga2Se3/Si (001)

Wednesday, November 11, 2009, 2:40 pm, Room C1

Session: Magnetism and Spin Injection in Semiconductors
Presenter: E. Yitamben, University of Washington
Authors: E. Yitamben, University of Washington
T.C. Lovejoy, University of Washington
A. Pakhomov, University of Washington
S. Heald, Argonne National Laboratory
F.S. Ohuchi, University of Washington
M.A. Olmstead, University of Washington
Correspondent: Click to Email

The III-VI compound Ga2Se3 is an intrinsic vacancy semiconductor which not only can be grown epitaxially on silicon, but, once doped with a transition metal, presents interesting potential for application in spintronics devices, since we have found it to be ferromagnetic at room temperature. Unlike III-V or II-VI materials, the intrinsic vacancies in Ga2Se3 create both multiple sites for dopant incorporation, raising the possibility of separate control of magnetic and carrier doping, and anisotropic band-edge states, which may increase both the Curie temperature and the magnetic anisotropy. This work presents experimental investigations of Cr-doped Ga2Se3 epitaxially grown on Si(100):As that probe interactions among structure, carriers and magnetism in this new class of dilute magnetic semiconductors.

Inclusion of a few atomic percent Cr into the Ga2Se3 lattice results in laminar semiconducting films that are ferromagnetic at room temperature, with a magnetic moment of 4 μB per Cr in 6 nm films, and 40% lower in 20 nm films. X-ray absorption and photoemission measurements reveal Cr in an octahedral environment; X-ray and low energy electron diffraction reveal a cubic structure with lattice constant close to that of the underlying silicon. This is surprising, since both the vacancies and Ga cations occupy tetrahedral sites in pure Ga2Se3.

Above ~6%, scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) reveals the formation of islands within trenches whose shape and size depend on the Cr concentration and whether or not a Ga2Se3 buffer layer is deposited first. The islanded films also exhibit room temperature ferromagnetism, though with about half the magnetic moment per Cr. Unlike low concentration films, they are metallic rather than semiconducting.

Acknowledgments: This work is funded by the NSF Grant DMR-0605601, NSF NER-0508216