|AVS 54th International Symposium|
|Session:||Biolubrication, Sensing and Adhesion|
|Presenter:||N.A. Burnham, Worcester Polytechnic Institute|
|Authors:||D.L. Liu, Worcester Polytechnic Institute
J. Martin, Analog Devices Inc.
N.A. Burnham, Worcester Polytechnic Institute
|Correspondent:||Click to Email|
Differing views on the effect of surface roughness on adhesion have appeared in the literature recently. Molecular dynamics has been used to simulate the contact of two surfaces and found that atomic-scale roughness can have a large influence on adhesion, causing the breakdown of continuum mechanics models.1 An experimental study showed that roughness can determine the adhesion in nanometer contacts and indicated that continuum mechanics still works down to nanometer length scales.2 In this work, we use a single-asperity model to describe a smooth tip in contact with a rough surface and predict that there is an optimal size of asperity that will yield a minimum of adhesion. Experimentally, adhesive forces on silicon wafers with varying roughness from 0.2 nm to 39 nm were measured using AFM (atomic force microscope) cantilevers with varying tip radii ranging from 75 nm to 9.08 um. It is found that for all tip radii, the adhesion falls significantly for roughness greater than 1-2 nm and drops at higher roughness for larger tips. Minimum adhesion was observed as predicted in the 1-10 nm range and the optimal roughness for minimal adhesion increases as the tip radius increases, which is also consistent with our predictions. The work presented here should help minimize adhesion in future MEMS devices and progress the understanding of adhesion between the atomic- and macro-scale.
1 B. Luan and M.O. Robbins, Nature 435, 929-932 (2005).
2 E.J.Thoreson, J. Martin, N.A. Burnham, J. Colloid Interface Sci. 298, 94-101 (2006).