|AVS 54th International Symposium|
|Session:||Biolubrication, Sensing and Adhesion|
|Presenter:||B.I. Kim, Boise State University|
|Authors:||B.I. Kim, Boise State University
J. Bonander, Boise State University
|Correspondent:||Click to Email|
Adhesion and friction related to water are major problems limiting both the fabrication and long-term use of micro-machines. Adhesion and friction between two silica surfaces were measured as a function of separation distance using interfacial force microscope (IFM) for different relative humidity (RH) between 3% - 78%. The IFM provides force-distance curves without having the "snap-to-contact" problems associated with atomic force microscopy using voltage-controlled force feedback. The measured friction force-distance curves show that the friction force is oscillatory as the separation changes below thickness of water droplet. The oscillatory period is close to the mean diameter of a water molecule. The number of oscillation increased as the relative humidity increases up to RH 60% while it decreased with humidity above RH 60%. The origin of the oscillatory feature in the "interfacial" water may come from the "solid-liquid transition" between solid (ordering) and liquid (disordering). Strong correlation between the number of oscillation and the strength of the adhesion and friction indicates that the humidity dependent adhesion and friction may be attributed to the ordered structure of water molecules between two silica surfaces.