AVS 54th International Symposium
    Surface Science Tuesday Sessions
       Session SS-TuP

Paper SS-TuP12
Surface Diffusion of Hydrogen Atoms on Cu(111) Studied by Optical Diffraction from Hydrogen Density Patterns formed on Removable Templates of Xenon Monolayers

Tuesday, October 16, 2007, 6:00 pm, Room 4C

Session: Surface Science Poster Session
Presenter: Y.Y. Fei, University of California at Davis
Authors: Y.Y. Fei, University of California at Davis
X.D. Zhu, University of California at Davis
Correspondent: Click to Email

We formed grating-like patterns of hydrogen adatom density on Cu(111) by using complementary patterns of xenon adatom density as the template. The template was pre-formed by laser-induced thermal desorption of a Xe monolayer on Cu(111) using the interference pattern of two coherent laser pulses. By following the evolution of hydrogen density gratings on Cu(111) from 153 to 183 K with linear optical diffraction, we found that the diffusion of hydrogen atoms on Cu(111) in this temperature range is the classical over-barrier hopping characterized by an activation energy barrier Ediff = 6.4 kcal/mol (or 279 meV) and a pre-exponential factor D0 = 2.0 × 10-3 cm2/sec. Based on the potential model proposed by Basdescu and coworkers for hydrogen on Ni(111), the WKB tunneling coefficient between the first vibrational excited states of a hydrogen adatom on Cu(111) is expected to be at least one order of magnitude smaller than that on Ni(111), indicating that the classical over-barrier hopping of hydrogen atoms could directly cross-over to under-barrier tunneling between ground-states on Cu(111).